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std::unordered_map::begin, std::unordered_map::cbegin

提供: cppreference.com
 
 
 
 
iterator begin() noexcept;
(C++11およびそれ以降)
const_iterator begin() const noexcept;
(C++11およびそれ以降)
const_iterator cbegin() const noexcept;
(C++11およびそれ以降)

コンテナの最初の要素を指すイテレータを返します。

コンテナが空の場合は、返されたイテレータは end() と等しくなります。

range-begin-end.svg

目次

[編集] 引数

(なし)

[編集] 戻り値

最初の要素を指すイテレータ。

[編集] 計算量

一定。

[編集]

#include <cmath>
#include <iostream>
#include <unordered_map>
 
struct Node { double x, y; };
 
int main() {
    Node nodes[3] = { {1, 0}, {2, 0}, {3, 0} };
 
    //mag is a map mapping the address of a Node to its magnitude in the plane
    std::unordered_map<Node *, double> mag = {
        { nodes,     1 },
        { nodes + 1, 2 },
        { nodes + 2, 3 }
    };
 
    //Change each y-coordinate from 0 to the magnitude
    for(auto iter = mag.begin(); iter != mag.end(); ++iter){
        auto cur = iter->first; // pointer to Node
        cur->y = mag[cur]; // could also have used  cur->y = iter->second;
    }
 
    //Update and print the magnitude of each node
    for(auto iter = mag.begin(); iter != mag.end(); ++iter){
        auto cur = iter->first;
        mag[cur] = std::hypot(cur->x, cur->y);
        std::cout << "The magnitude of (" << cur->x << ", " << cur->y << ") is ";
        std::cout << iter->second << '\n';
    }
 
    //Repeat the above with the range-based for loop
    for(auto i : mag) {
        auto cur = i.first;
        cur->y = i.second;
        mag[cur] = std::hypot(cur->x, cur->y);
        std::cout << "The magnitude of (" << cur->x << ", " << cur->y << ") is ";
        std::cout << mag[cur] << '\n';
        //Note that in contrast to std::cout << iter->second << '\n'; above, 
        // std::cout << i.second << '\n'; will NOT print the updated magnitude
    }
}

出力例:

The magnitude of (3, 3) is 4.24264
The magnitude of (1, 1) is 1.41421
The magnitude of (2, 2) is 2.82843
The magnitude of (3, 4.24264) is 5.19615
The magnitude of (1, 1.41421) is 1.73205
The magnitude of (2, 2.82843) is 3.4641

[編集] 関連項目

終端を指すイテレータを返します
(パブリックメンバ関数) [edit]