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std::hash

提供: cppreference.com
< cpp‎ | utility


 
 
ユーティリティライブラリ
支援を入力します (basic types, RTTI, type traits)
動的なメモリ管理
エラー処理
プログラムユーティリティ
可変個引数関数
日付と時刻
関数オブジェクト
initializer_list(C++11)
bitset
hash(C++11)
関係演算子
Original:
Relational operators
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rel_ops::operator!=
rel_ops::operator>
rel_ops::operator<=
rel_ops::operator>=
ペアとタプル
Original:
Pairs and tuples
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pair
tuple(C++11)
piecewise_construct_t(C++11)
piecewise_construct(C++11)
フォワード、スワップ、および移動
Original:
Swap, forward and move
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swap
forward(C++11)
move(C++11)
move_if_noexcept(C++11)
declval(C++11)
 
 
Defined in header <functional>
template< class Key >
struct hash; // not defined
(C + + 11以来)
ハッシュテンプレートはハッシュ関数を実装した関数オブジェクトを定義します。この関数オブジェクトのインスタンスはoperator()ことを定義します
Original:
The hash template defines a function object that implements a ハッシュ関数. Instances of this function object define an operator() that:
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1。タイプKeyの単一のパラメータを受け入れ.
Original:
1. Accepts a single parameter of type Key.
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2。パラメータのハッシュ値を表す型size_tの値を返します。.
Original:
2. Returns a value of type size_t that represents the hash value of the parameter.
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3。呼び出されたときに例外をスローしません.
Original:
3. Does not throw exceptions when called.
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4。 2つのパラメータのk1k2等しいこと、std::hash<Key>()(k1) == std::hash<Key>()(k2).
Original:
4. For two parameters k1 and k2 that are equal, std::hash<Key>()(k1) == std::hash<Key>()(k2).
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5。 2つの異なるパラメータのためk1k2等しくないこと、std::hash<Key>()(k1) == std::hash<Key>()(k2)1.0/std::numeric_limits<size_t>::max()に近づいて、非常に小さい値になるはずである確率.
Original:
5. For two different parameters k1 and k2 that are not equal, the probability that std::hash<Key>()(k1) == std::hash<Key>()(k2) should be very small, approaching 1.0/std::numeric_limits<size_t>::max().
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ハッシュテンプレートは両方CopyConstructibleDestructibleです.
Original:
The hash template is both CopyConstructible and Destructible.
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順不同連想コンテナstd::unordered_setstd::unordered_multisetstd::unordered_mapstd::unordered_multimapデフォルトのハッシュ関数としてテンプレートstd::hashの特殊化を使用.
Original:
The unordered associative containers std::unordered_set, std::unordered_multiset, std::unordered_map, std::unordered_multimap use specializations of the template std::hash as the default hash function.
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目次

[編集] メンバータイプ

argument_type Key
result_type std::size_t

[編集] メンバ関数

ハッシュ関数オブジェクトを構築します
Original:
constructs a hash function object
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(パブリックメンバ関数)
引数のハッシュを計算します
Original:
calculate the hash of the argument
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(パブリックメンバ関数)

[編集] 基本的なタイプの標準の専門分野

Defined in header <functional>
template<> struct hash<bool>;

template<> struct hash<char>;
template<> struct hash<signed char>;
template<> struct hash<unsigned char>;
template<> struct hash<char16_t>;
template<> struct hash<char32_t>;
template<> struct hash<wchar_t>;
template<> struct hash<short>;
template<> struct hash<unsigned short>;
template<> struct hash<int>;
template<> struct hash<unsigned int>;
template<> struct hash<long>;
template<> struct hash<long long>;
template<> struct hash<unsigned long>;
template<> struct hash<unsigned long long>;
template<> struct hash<float>;
template<> struct hash<double>;
template<> struct hash<long double>;

template< class T > struct hash<T*>;

[編集] ライブラリー·タイプのための標準的な特殊化

文字列のハッシュをサポートしています
Original:
hash support for strings
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(クラステンプレートの特殊化の2つの値を比較します) [edit]
std::error_codeハッシュをサポート
Original:
hash support for std::error_code
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(クラステンプレートの特殊化の2つの値を比較します) [edit]
std::bitsetハッシュをサポート
Original:
hash support for std::bitset
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(クラステンプレートの特殊化の2つの値を比較します) [edit]
std::unique_ptrハッシュをサポート
Original:
hash support for std::unique_ptr
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(クラステンプレートの特殊化の2つの値を比較します) [edit]
std::shared_ptrハッシュをサポート
Original:
hash support for std::shared_ptr
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(クラステンプレートの特殊化の2つの値を比較します) [edit]
std::type_indexハッシュをサポート
Original:
hash support for std::type_index
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(クラステンプレートの特殊化の2つの値を比較します) [edit]
std::vector<bool>ハッシュをサポート
Original:
hash support for std::vector<bool>
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(クラステンプレートの特殊化の2つの値を比較します)
std::thread::idハッシュをサポート
Original:
hash support for std::thread::id
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(クラステンプレートの特殊化の2つの値を比較します)

[編集]

std::string、既にハッシュ専門性を持つ型のハッシュの計算を示しています.

Original:

Demonstrates the computation of a hash for std::string, a type that already has a hash specialization.

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#include <iostream>
#include <functional>
#include <string>
 
int main()
{
    std::string str = "Meet the new boss...";
    std::hash<std::string> hash_fn;
    size_t str_hash = hash_fn(str);
 
    std::cout << str_hash << '\n';
}

Output:

391070135

ユーザ定義型のハッシュ関数の作成方法を示します。 std::unordered_map用テンプレートパラメータとしてこれを使用して、std::unordered_setなどもstd::equal_toの専門性を必要とします.

Original:

Demonstrates creation of a hash function for a user defined type. Using this as a template parameter for std::unordered_map, std::unordered_set, etc. also requires specialization of std::equal_to.

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#include <iostream>
#include <functional>
#include <string>
 
struct S {
    std::string first_name;
    std::string last_name;
};
 
template<class T> class MyHash;
 
template<>
class MyHash<S> {
public:
    size_t operator()(const S &s) const 
    {
        size_t h1 = std::hash<std::string>()(s.first_name);
        size_t h2 = std::hash<std::string>()(s.last_name);
        return h1 ^ (h2 << 1);
    }
};
 
int main()
{
    std::string s1 = "Hubert";
    std::string s2 = "Farnsworth";
    std::hash<std::string> h1;
 
    S n1;
    n1.first_name = s1;
    n1.last_name =  s2;
 
    std::cout << "hash(s1) = " << h1(s1) << "\n"
              << "hash(s2) = " << std::hash<std::string>()(s2) << "\n"
	      << "hash(n1) = " << MyHash<S>()(n1) << "\n";
 
}

Output:

hash(s1) = 6119893563398376542
hash(s2) = 14988020022735710972
hash(n1) = 17649170831080298918

ユーザー定義型のstd::hashを特化する方法を示しています.

Original:

Demonstrates how to specialize std::hash for a user defined type.

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#include <iostream>
#include <functional>
#include <string>
 
struct S {
    std::string first_name;
    std::string last_name;
};
 
namespace std {
template<>
class hash<S> {
public:
    size_t operator()(const S &s) const 
    {
        size_t h1 = std::hash<std::string>()(s.first_name);
        size_t h2 = std::hash<std::string>()(s.last_name);
        return h1 ^ ( h2 << 1 );
    }
};
}
 
int main()
{
    S s;
    s.first_name = "Bender";
    s.last_name =  "Rodriguez";
    std::hash<S> hash_fn;
 
    std::cout << "hash(s) = " << hash_fn(s) << "\n";
}

Output:

hash(s) = 32902390710