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std::common_type

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< cpp‎ | types

 
 
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initializer_list(C++11)
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Basic types
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基本的なタイプ
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numeric_limits
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Type transformations
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aligned_storage(C++11)
aligned_union(C++11)
decay(C++11)
enable_if(C++11)
conditional(C++11)
common_type(C++11)
underlying_type(C++11)
result_of(C++11)
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Type trait constants
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integral_constant(C++11)
 
Defined in header <type_traits>
template< class... T >
struct common_type;
(C++11およびそれ以降)
すべてのタイプのT...の間で共通のタイプを決定し、それはすべてT...が暗黙的に変換できる型です.
Original:
Determines the common type among all types T..., that is the type all T... can be implicitly converted to.
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  • std::common_typeは、カスタム型、例えば特化することができるstd::chrono::time_point.
    Original:
    std::common_type may be specialized for custom types, e.g. std::chrono::time_point.
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  • 非専門std::common_typeについては、各ペアT1, T2の間で共通のタイプを決定するための規則は、正確三項条件演算子どこの戻り値の型を決定するためのルールですT1T2、2番目と3番目のオペランドのタイプがあります.
    Original:
    For non-specialized std::common_type, the rules for determining the common type between every pair T1, T2 are exactly the rules for determining the return type of the 三項条件演算子 where T1 and T2 are the types of its second and the third operands.
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  • 算術型では、一般的なタイプはまた、T0() + T1() + ... + Tn()として(混合モード)、算術式のタイプとして見なされるかもしれません.
    Original:
    For arithmetic types, the common type may also be viewed as the type of the (possibly mixed-mode) arithmetic expression such as T0() + T1() + ... + Tn().
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目次

[編集] メンバータイプ

名前
Original:
Name
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Definition
type
すべてT...ための一般的なタイプ
Original:
the common type for all T...
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[編集] スペシャ

型形質std::common_typeのカスタムな特殊化が許可されています。以下の専門は、すでに標準ライブラリで提供されています
Original:
Custom specializations of the type trait std::common_type are allowed. The following specializations are already provided by the standard library:
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std::common_type形質を専門としています
Original:
specializes the std::common_type trait
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(クラステンプレートの特殊化の2つの値を比較します) [edit]
std::common_type形質を専門としています
Original:
specializes the std::common_type trait
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(クラステンプレートの特殊化の2つの値を比較します) [edit]

[編集] ノート

単一のテンプレート引数を指定すると、std::common_type<T>::typeはまさにそれTのC + +と等価になりますboost::identity<T>です
Original:
With a single template argument, std::common_type<T>::type is exactly T, which makes it the C++ equivalent of boost::identity<T>
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[編集] 可能な実装

template<class ...T> struct common_type;
 
template<class T>
struct common_type<T> {
    typedef T type;
};
 
template<class T, class U>
struct common_type<T, U> {
    typedef decltype(true ? declval<T>() : declval<U>()) type;
};
 
template<class T, class U, class... V>
struct common_type<T, U, V...> {
    typedef typename common_type<typename common_type<T, U>::type, V...>::type type;
};

[編集]

ユーザー定義クラスで混合モードの算術演算を示しています
Original:
Demonstrates mixed-mode arithmetic on a user-defined class
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#include <iostream>
#include <type_traits>
 
template<class T>
struct Number { T n; };
 
template<class T, class U>
Number<typename std::common_type<T, U>::type> operator+(const Number<T>& lhs,
                                                        const Number<U>& rhs) 
{
    return {lhs.n + rhs.n};
}
 
int main()
{
    Number<int> i1 = {1}, i2 = {2};
    Number<double> d1 = {2.3}, d2 = {3.5};
    std::cout << "i1i2: " << (i1 + i2).n << "\ni1d2: " << (i1 + d2).n << '\n'
              << "d1i2: " << (d1 + i2).n << "\nd1d2: " << (d1 + d2).n << '\n';
}

Output:

i1i2: 3
i1d2: 4.5
d1i2: 4.3
d1d2: 5.8