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std::rand

提供: cppreference.com
< cpp‎ | numeric‎ | random

 
 
ニューメリックスライブラリ
一般的な数学関数
浮動小数点環境
複素数
数値配列
擬似乱数生成
コンパイル時有理数演算 (C++11)
汎用の数値演算
Original:
Generic numeric operations
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iota(C++11)
accumulate
inner_product
adjacent_difference
partial_sum
 
擬似乱数生成
エンジンとエンジンアダプタ
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Engines and engine adaptors
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linear_congruential_engine(C++11)
mersenne_twister_engine(C++11)
subtract_with_carry_engine(C++11)
discard_block_engine(C++11)
independent_bits_engine(C++11)
shuffle_order_engine(C++11)
ジェネレータ
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Generators
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random_device(C++11)
ディストリビューション
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Distributions
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一様分布
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Uniform distributions
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uniform_int_distribution(C++11)
uniform_real_distribution(C++11)
generate_canonical(C++11)
ベルヌーイ分布
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Bernoulli distributions
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bernoulli_distribution(C++11)
binomial_distribution(C++11)
negative_binomial_distribution(C++11)
geometric_distribution(C++11)
ポアソン分布
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Poisson distributions
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poisson_distribution(C++11)
exponential_distribution(C++11)
gamma_distribution(C++11)
weibull_distribution(C++11)
extreme_value_distribution(C++11)
正規分布
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Normal distributions
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normal_distribution(C++11)
lognormal_distribution(C++11)
chi_squared_distribution(C++11)
cauchy_distribution(C++11)
fisher_f_distribution(C++11)
student_t_distribution(C++11)
サンプリング分布
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Sampling distributions
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discrete_distribution(C++11)
piecewise_constant_distribution(C++11)
piecewise_linear_distribution(C++11)
シードシーケンス
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Seed Sequences
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seed_seq(C++11)
Cライブラリ
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C library
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rand
srand
RAND_MAX
 
Defined in header <cstdlib>
int rand();
0RAND_MAX間に一様に分布する擬似乱数整数値(0からRAND_MAXを含む)を返します.
Original:
Returns a uniformly distributed pseudo-random integral value between 0 and RAND_MAX (0 and RAND_MAX included).
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srand()への呼び出しは、乱数ジェネレータを初期化する前にrand()を呼び出す必要があります.
Original:
srand() should be called before any calls to rand() to initialize the random number generator.
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目次

[編集] パラメータ

(なし)

[編集] 値を返します

0RAND_MAX..の間の擬似乱数整数値
Original:
Pseudo-random integral value between 0 and RAND_MAX.
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[編集]

#include <cstdlib>
#include <iostream>
#include <ctime>
 
int main() 
{
    std::srand(std::time(0)); //use current time as seed for random generator
    int uniform_random_variable = std::rand();
    std::cout << "Uniform random value on [0 " << RAND_MAX << "]: " 
              << uniform_random_variable << '\n';
}

Possible output:

Uniform random value on [0 2147483647]: 1373858591

[編集] 参照

擬似乱数ジェネレータを初期化します
Original:
initializes pseudo-random number generator
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(関数) [edit]