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Type alias (C++11およびそれ以降)

提供: cppreference.com
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C + +言語
一般的なトピック
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General topics
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フロー制御
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Flow control
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条件付き実行文
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Conditional execution statements
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繰り返し文
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Iteration statements
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文をジャンプします
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Jump statements
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機能します
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Functions
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関数の宣言
ラムダ関数の宣言
関数テンプレート
の歴史。インライン指定
例外仕様 (廃止予定)
noexcept指定子 (C++11)
例外
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Exceptions
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名前空間
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Namespaces
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タイプ
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Types
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decltype specifier (C++11)
指定子
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Specifiers
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CV指定
貯蔵期間指定
constexprの指定子 (C++11)
自動指定 (C++11)
alignas指定子 (C++11)
初期化
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Initialization
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リテラル
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Literals
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Expressions
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代替表現
ユーティリティ
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Utilities
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タイプ
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Types
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typedef declaration
型の別名宣言 (C++11)
属性 (C++11)
キャストします
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Casts
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暗黙の型変換
const_cast conversion
static_cast conversion
dynamic_cast conversion
reinterpret_cast conversion
Cスタイルキャストと機能
メモリの割り当て
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Memory allocation
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クラス
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Classes
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クラス固有の機能特性
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Class-specific function properties
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明示 (C++11)
静的
特殊なメンバ関数
Original:
Special member functions
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テンプレート
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Templates
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クラステンプレート
関数テンプレート
テンプレートの特殊化
パラメーターパック (C++11)
その他
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Miscellaneous
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インラインアセンブリ
 
型の別名がtypedefがに似ていますが、テンプレートでの作業の利点を持っている.
Original:
Type aliases are similar to typedefが, however, have the advantage of working with templates.
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[編集] 構文

using identifier = type_name;

[編集]

using flags = std::ios_base::fmtflags;
using func = void (*) (int,int);
// typedef std::ios_base::fmtflags flags;
// typedef void (*func)(int, int);
 
template<class T> using ptr = T*;
ptr<int> x;
 
template<class T> using vec = std::vector<T>;
vec<float> w;
 
// type alias used to hide some template parameter 
template<class CharT> using mystring = std::basic_string<CharT,std::char_traits<CharT>>;
mystring<char> str;
 
// type alias used to simplify the syntax of std::enable_if
template< class Condition >
using EnableIf = Invoke<std::enable_if<Condition::value>>;
 
template <typename T, typename = EnableIf<std::is_polymorphic<T>>>
int f(T t);