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explicit specifier

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一般的なトピック
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General topics
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フロー制御
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Flow control
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条件付き実行文
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Conditional execution statements
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繰り返し文
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Iteration statements
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文をジャンプします
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Jump statements
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機能します
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Functions
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関数の宣言
ラムダ関数の宣言
関数テンプレート
の歴史。インライン指定
例外仕様 (廃止予定)
noexcept指定子 (C++11)
例外
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Exceptions
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名前空間
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Namespaces
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タイプ
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Types
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decltype specifier (C++11)
指定子
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Specifiers
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CV指定
貯蔵期間指定
constexprの指定子 (C++11)
自動指定 (C++11)
alignas指定子 (C++11)
初期化
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Initialization
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リテラル
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Literals
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Expressions
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代替表現
ユーティリティ
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Utilities
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タイプ
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Types
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typedef declaration
型の別名宣言 (C++11)
属性 (C++11)
キャストします
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Casts
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暗黙の型変換
const_cast conversion
static_cast conversion
dynamic_cast conversion
reinterpret_cast conversion
Cスタイルキャストと機能
メモリの割り当て
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Memory allocation
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クラス
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Classes
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クラス固有の機能特性
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Class-specific function properties
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明示 (C++11)
静的
特殊なメンバ関数
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Special member functions
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テンプレート
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Templates
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クラステンプレート
関数テンプレート
テンプレートの特殊化
パラメーターパック (C++11)
その他
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Miscellaneous
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インラインアセンブリ
 
コンストラクタと暗黙の型変換を許可していない(C++11およびそれ以降)変換演算子を指定します
Original:
Specifies constructors and (C++11およびそれ以降) conversion operators that don't allow implicit conversions
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[編集] 構文

explicit class_name ( params )
explicit operator type ( ) (C++11およびそれ以降)

[編集]

struct A
{
    A ( int ) {}
 
    operator int() const { return 0; }
};
 
struct B
{
    explicit B(int) {}
    explicit operator int() const { return 0; }
};
 
int main()
{
    // A is has no explicit ctor / conversion, everything is fine
    A a1 = 1;
    A a2 ( 2 );
    A a3 { 3 };
    int na1 = a1;
    int na2 = static_cast<int>( a1 );
 
    B b1 = 1; // Error: implicit conversion from int to B
    B b2 ( 2 ); // OK: explicit constructor call
    B b3 { 3 }; // OK: explicit constructor call
    int nb1 = b2; // Error: implicit conversion from B to int
    int nb2 = static_cast<int>( b2 ); // OK: explicit cast
}