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Iterator library

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イテレータライブラリ
イテレータプリミティブ
Original:
Iterator primitives
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iterator_traits
input_iterator_tag
output_iterator_tag
forward_iterator_tag
bidirectional_iterator_tag
random_access_iterator_tag
iterator
イテレータアダプタ
Original:
Iterator adaptors
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reverse_iterator
ストリーム反復子
Original:
Stream iterators
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istream_iterator
ostream_iterator
istreambuf_iterator
ostreambuf_iterator
イテレータ操作
Original:
Iterator operations
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advance
distance
prev(C++11)
next(C++11)
アクセスの範囲
Original:
Range access
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begin(C++11)
end(C++11)
 
イテレータライブラリは5イテレータの種類だけでなく、イテレータの形質、アダプタ、ユーティリティ関数の定義を提供します.
Original:
The iterator library provides definitions for five kinds of iterators as well as iterator traits, adapters, and utility functions.
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目次

[編集] 反復子のカテゴリ

イテレータの5種類があります:InputIteratorOutputIteratorForwardIteratorBidirectionalIterator、とRandomAccessIterator.
Original:
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代わりに、特定の種​​類によって定義されるのでは、イテレータの各カテゴリはそれで実行可能な操作によって定義されます。例えば、ポインタがRandomAccessIteratorで必要とされるすべての操作をサポートしているので、ポインタはRandomAccessIteratorが期待されているどこでも使用することができます.. - この定義は、必要な操作をサポートする任意の型が反復子として使用できることを意味します
Original:
Instead of being defined by specific types, each category of iterator is defined by the operations that can be performed on it. This definition means that any type that supports the necessary operations can be used as an iterator -- for example, a pointer supports all of the operations required by RandomAccessIterator, so a pointer can be used anywhere a RandomAccessIterator is expected.
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5反復子カテゴリは階層構造に編成することができ、どこより強力なイテレータのカテゴリ(例えばRandomAccessIterator)以下の強力なカテゴリ(例えばInputIterator)の操作をサポートしています
Original:
The five iterator categories can be organized into a hierarchy, where more powerful iterator categories (e.g. RandomAccessIterator) support the operations of less powerful categories (e.g. InputIterator):
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Iterator category Defined operations
RandomAccessIterator BidirectionalIterator ForwardIterator InputIterator
  • お読みください
    Original:
    read
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  • インクリメント(複数のパスなし)
    Original:
    increment (without multiple passes)
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OutputIterator
  • 書き込む
    Original:
    write
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  • インクリメント(複数のパスなし)
    Original:
    increment (without multiple passes)
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  • インクリメント(複数のパスを持つ)
    Original:
    increment (with multiple passes)
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  • デクリメント
    Original:
    decrement
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  • ランダムアクセス
    Original:
    random access
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[編集] イテレータプリミティブ

イテレータのプロパティに統一されたインタフェースを提供します
Original:
provides uniform interface to the properties of an iterator
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(クラステンプレート) [edit]
空のクラス型は、イテレータのカテゴリを示すために使用されます
Original:
empty class types used to indicate iterator categories
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(クラス) [edit]
基本的なイテレータ
Original:
the basic iterator
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(クラステンプレート) [edit]

[編集] イテレータアダプタ

逆順探索のためのイテレータアダプタ
Original:
iterator adaptor for reverse-order traversal
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(クラステンプレート) [edit]
その右辺値参照に間接参照イテレータアダプタ
Original:
iterator adaptor which dereferences to an rvalue reference
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(クラステンプレート) [edit]
引数から推論された型のstd::move_iteratorを作成します
Original:
creates a std::move_iterator of type inferred from the argument
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(関数テンプレート) [edit]
コンテナの末尾に挿入するためのイテレータアダプタ
Original:
iterator adaptor for insertion at the end of a container
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(クラステンプレート) [edit]
引数から推論された型のstd::back_insert_iteratorを作成します
Original:
creates a std::back_insert_iterator of type inferred from the argument
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(関数テンプレート) [edit]
容器の前面に挿入するためのイテレータアダプタ
Original:
iterator adaptor for insertion at the front of a container
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(クラステンプレート) [edit]
引数から推論された型のstd::front_insert_iteratorを作成します
Original:
creates a std::front_insert_iterator of type inferred from the argument
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(関数テンプレート) [edit]
コンテナに挿入するためのイテレータアダプタ
Original:
iterator adaptor for insertion into a container
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(クラステンプレート) [edit]
引数から推論された型のstd::insert_iteratorを作成します
Original:
creates a std::insert_iterator of type inferred from the argument
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(関数テンプレート) [edit]

[編集] ストリーム反復子

std::basic_istreamから読み取る入力イテレータ
Original:
input iterator that reads from std::basic_istream
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(クラステンプレート) [edit]
std::basic_ostreamに書き込みを行う出力イテレータ
Original:
output iterator that writes to std::basic_ostream
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(クラステンプレート) [edit]
std::basic_streambufから読み取る入力イテレータ
Original:
input iterator that reads from std::basic_streambuf
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(クラステンプレート) [edit]
std::basic_streambufに書き込みを行う出力イテレータ
Original:
output iterator that writes to std::basic_streambuf
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(クラステンプレート) [edit]

[編集] イテレータ操作

Defined in header <iterator>
指定された距離によって進歩イテレータ
Original:
advances an iterator by given distance
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(関数) [edit]
2つの反復子間の距離を返します
Original:
returns the distance between two iterators
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(関数) [edit]
(C++11)
イテレータをインクリメントします
Original:
increment an iterator
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(関数) [edit]
(C++11)
イテレータをデクリメントします
Original:
decrement an iterator
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(関数) [edit]

[編集] アクセスの範囲

Defined in header <iterator>
(C++11)
コンテナまたは配列の先頭を指すイテレータを返す
Original:
returns an iterator to the beginning of a container or array
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(関数) [edit]
(C++11)
コンテナまたは配列の末尾を指すイテレータを返す
Original:
returns an iterator to the end of a container or array
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(関数) [edit]