名前空間
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操作

std::replace_copy, std::replace_copy_if

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< cpp‎ | algorithm

 
 
アルゴリズムライブラリ
機能します
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Functions
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シーケンス動作を非改変
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Non-modifying sequence operations
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シーケンス動作を変更する
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Modifying sequence operations
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操作を仕切る
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Partitioning operations
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(ソートされた範囲で)ソート操作
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Sorting operations (on sorted ranges)
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バイナリ検索操作(ソート範囲で)
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Binary search operations (on sorted ranges)
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(ソートされた範囲で)操作を設定します
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Set operations (on sorted ranges)
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ヒープ操作
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Heap operations
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最小値/最大値操作
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Minimum/maximum operations
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数値演算
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Numeric operations
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Cライブラリ
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C library
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Defined in header <algorithm>
template< class InputIt, class OutputIt, class T >

OutputIt replace_copy( InputIt first, InputIt last, OutputIt d_first,

                       const T& old_value, const T& new_value );
(1)
template< class InputIt, class OutputIt, class UnaryPredicate, class T >

OutputIt replace_copy_if( InputIt first, InputIt last, OutputIt d_first,

                          UnaryPredicate p, const T& new_value );
(2)

Copies the all elements from the range [first, last) to another range beginning at d_first replacing all elements satisfying specific criteria with new_value. The first version replaces the elements that are equal to old_value, the second version replaces elements for which predicate p returns true. The source and destination ranges cannot overlap.

目次

[編集] パラメータ

first, last -
コピーする要素の範囲
Original:
the range of elements to copy
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d_first -
目的の範囲の始まり
Original:
the beginning of the destination range
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old_value -
置換する要素の値
Original:
the value of elements to replace
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p - unary predicate which returns ​true
要素の値を交換する必要があります
Original:
if the element value should be replaced
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.

The signature of the predicate function should be equivalent to the following:

 bool pred(const Type &a);

The signature does not need to have const &, but the function must not modify the objects passed to it.
The type Type must be such that an object of type InputIt can be dereferenced and then implicitly converted to Type. ​

new_value -
代替品として使用する値
Original:
the value to use as replacement
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Type requirements
-
InputIt must meet the requirements of InputIterator.
-
OutputIt must meet the requirements of OutputIterator.

[編集] 値を返します

コピーされた最後の要素過去の要素を指すイテレータ.
Original:
Iterator to the element past the last element copied.
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[編集] 複雑

述語の正確last - firstアプリケーション.
Original:
Exactly last - first applications of the predicate.
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[編集] 可能な実装

First version
template<class InputIt, class OutputIt, class T>
OutputIt replace_copy(InputIt first, InputIt last, OutputIt d_first,
                      const T& old_value, const T& new_value)
{
    for (; first != last; ++first) {
        *d_first++ = (*first == old_value) ? new_value : *first;
    }
    return d_first;
}
Second version
template<class InputIt, class OutputIt, 
         class UnaryPredicate, class T>
OutputIt replace_copy_if(InputIt first, InputIt last, OutputIt d_first,
                         UnaryPredicate p, const T& new_value)
{
    for (; first != last; ++first) {
        *d_first++ = (p( *first ) ? new_value : *first;
    }
    return d_first;
}

[編集]

The following copy prints a vector, replacing all values over 5 with 99 on the fly.

#include <algorithm>
#include <vector>
#include <iostream>
#include <iterator>
#include <functional>
 
int main()
{
    std::vector<int> v{5, 7, 4, 2, 8, 6, 1, 9, 0, 3};
    std::replace_copy_if(v.begin(), v.end(),
                         std::ostream_iterator<int>(std::cout, " "),
                         [](int n){return n > 5;}, 99);
    std::cout << '\n';
}

Output:

5 99 4 2 99 99 1 99 0 3

[編集] も参照してください

特定の条件を満たす要素を削除します
Original:
removes elements satisfying specific criteria
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(関数テンプレート) [edit]