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std::lexicographical_compare

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< cpp‎ | algorithm

 
 
アルゴリズムライブラリ
機能します
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Functions
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シーケンス動作を非改変
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Non-modifying sequence operations
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シーケンス動作を変更する
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Modifying sequence operations
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操作を仕切る
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Partitioning operations
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(ソートされた範囲で)ソート操作
Original:
Sorting operations (on sorted ranges)
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バイナリ検索操作(ソート範囲で)
Original:
Binary search operations (on sorted ranges)
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(ソートされた範囲で)操作を設定します
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Set operations (on sorted ranges)
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ヒープ操作
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Heap operations
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最小値/最大値操作
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Minimum/maximum operations
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lexicographical_compare
is_permutation(C++11)
next_permutation
prev_permutation
数値演算
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Numeric operations
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Cライブラリ
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C library
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Defined in header <algorithm>
template< class InputIt1, class InputIt2 >

bool lexicographical_compare( InputIt1 first1, InputIt1 last1,

                              InputIt2 first2, InputIt2 last2 );
(1)
template< class InputIt1, class InputIt2, class Compare >

bool lexicographical_compare( InputIt1 first1, InputIt1 last1,
                              InputIt2 first2, InputIt2 last2,

                              Compare comp );
(2)
最初の範囲の[first1, last1)かどうかをチェックするには、第2の範囲[first2, last2)より辞書式に小さい'です。最初のバージョンは、要素を比較するoperator<使用して、2番目のバージョンは、指定された比較関数compを使用しています.
Original:
Checks if the first range [first1, last1) is lexicographically less than the second range [first2, last2). The first version uses operator< to compare the elements, the second version uses the given comparison function comp.
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比較は、次のプロパティを持つ操作ですΣ*:
Original:
Lexicographical comparison is a operation with the following properties:
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  • 二つのレンジは要素ごとに比較されます.
    Original:
    Two ranges are compared element by element.
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  • 第一の不整合要素が辞書順でどの範囲定義小さい大きい他より.
    Original:
    The first mismatching element defines which range is lexicographically less or greater than the other.
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  • 1範囲が別の接頭辞である場合は、より短い範囲は辞書的に他より少ない'です.
    Original:
    If one range is a prefix of another, the shorter range is lexicographically less than the other.
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  • 2つの範囲に等価な要素を持ち、同じ長さのものである場合、その範囲は、辞書的には'等しい.
    Original:
    If two ranges have equivalent elements and are of the same length, then the ranges are lexicographically equal.
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  • 空の範囲は、任意の非空の範囲がより辞書式に小さい'です.
    Original:
    An empty range is lexicographically less than any non-empty range.
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  • 二つの空の範囲は、辞書的には'等しい.
    Original:
    Two empty ranges are lexicographically equal.
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目次

[編集] パラメータ

first1, last1 -
検討する要素の最初の範囲
Original:
the first range of elements to examine
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first2, last2 -
検討する要素の第2の範囲
Original:
the second range of elements to examine
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comp - 比較関数. 最初の値が二つ目の値より小さい 場合、 ​trueを返します.

比較関数のシグネチャは以下と同等でなければなりません.

 bool cmp(const Type1 &a, const Type2 &b);

シグネチャはconstを含まなくても構いませんが, 比較関数は渡されたオブジェクトを変更してはなりません.
The types Type1 and Type2 must be such that objects of types InputIt1 and InputIt2 can be dereferenced and then implicitly converted to Type1 and Type2 respectively. ​

型の要件
-
InputIt1, InputIt2InputIterator

の要求を満足しなければなりません。

[編集] 値を返します

最初の範囲は辞書順で秒未満..true場合
Original:
true if the first range is lexicographically less than the second.
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[編集] 複雑

比較演算、2·min(N1, N2)N1 = std::distance(first1, last1)..ほとんどのN2 = std::distance(first2, last2)アプリケーションで
Original:
At most 2·min(N1, N2) applications of the comparison operation, where N1 = std::distance(first1, last1) and N2 = std::distance(first2, last2).
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[編集] 可能な実装

First version
template<class InputIt1, class InputIt2>
bool lexicographical_compare(InputIt1 first1, InputIt1 last1,
                             InputIt2 first2, InputIt2 last2)
{
    for ( ; (first1 != last1) && (first2 != last2); first1++, first2++ ) {
        if (*first1 < *first2) return true;
        if (*first2 < *first1) return false;
    }
    return (first1 == last1) && (first2 != last2);
}
Second version
template<class InputIt1, class InputIt2, class Compare>
bool lexicographical_compare(InputIt1 first1, InputIt1 last1,
                             InputIt2 first2, InputIt2 last2,
                             Compare comp)
{
    for ( ; (first1 != last1) && (first2 != last2); first1++, first2++ ) {
        if (comp(*first1, *first2)) return true;
        if (comp(*first2, *first1)) return false;
    }
    return (first1 == last1) && (first2 != last2);
}

[編集]

#include <algorithm>
#include <iostream>
#include <vector>
#include <cstdlib>
#include <ctime>
 
int main()
{
    std::vector<char> v1 {'a', 'b', 'c', 'd'};
    std::vector<char> v2 {'a', 'b', 'c', 'd'};
 
    std::srand(std::time(0));
    while (!std::lexicographical_compare(v1.begin(), v1.end(),
                                         v2.begin(), v2.end())) {
        for (auto c : v1) std::cout << c << ' ';
        std::cout << ">= ";
        for (auto c : v2) std::cout << c << ' ';
        std::cout << '\n';
 
        std::random_shuffle(v1.begin(), v1.end());
        std::random_shuffle(v2.begin(), v2.end());
    }
 
    for (auto c : v1) std::cout << c << ' ';
    std::cout << "< ";
    for (auto c : v2) std::cout << c << ' ';
    std::cout << '\n';
}

Possible output:

a b c d >= a b c d 
d a b c >= c b d a 
b d a c >= a d c b 
a c d b < c d a b