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std::includes

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< cpp‎ | algorithm

 
 
アルゴリズムライブラリ
機能します
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Functions
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シーケンス動作を非改変
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Non-modifying sequence operations
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シーケンス動作を変更する
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Modifying sequence operations
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操作を仕切る
Original:
Partitioning operations
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(ソートされた範囲で)ソート操作
Original:
Sorting operations (on sorted ranges)
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バイナリ検索操作(ソート範囲で)
Original:
Binary search operations (on sorted ranges)
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(ソートされた範囲で)操作を設定します
Original:
Set operations (on sorted ranges)
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merge
inplace_merge
includes
ヒープ操作
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Heap operations
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最小値/最大値操作
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Minimum/maximum operations
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数値演算
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Numeric operations
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Cライブラリ
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C library
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Defined in header <algorithm>
template< class InputIt1, class InputIt2 >

bool includes( InputIt1 first1, InputIt1 last1,

               InputIt2 first2, InputIt2 last2 );
(1)
template< class InputIt1, class InputIt2 >

bool includes( InputIt1 first1, InputIt1 last1,

               InputIt2 first2, InputIt2 last2, Compare comp );
(2)
戻りtrueソート範囲[first2, last2)からすべての要素がソート範囲[first, last)内検出された場合。 true空の場合も[first2, last2)を返します。.
Original:
Returns true if every element from the sorted range [first2, last2) is found within the sorted range [first, last). Also returns true if [first2, last2) is empty.
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最初のバージョンは両方とも範囲はoperator<でソートされることを想定して、2番目のバージョンは、それらが与えられた比較関数compでソートされることを想定してい.
Original:
The first version expects both ranges to be sorted with operator<, the second version expects them to be sorted with the given comparison function comp.
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目次

[編集] パラメータ

first1, last1 -
検討する要素の並べ替えられた範囲
Original:
the sorted range of elements to examine
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first2, last2 -
を検索するための要素の並べ替えられた範囲
Original:
the sorted range of elements to search for
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comp - 比較関数. 最初の値が二つ目の値より小さい 場合、 ​trueを返します.

比較関数のシグネチャは以下と同等でなければなりません.

 bool cmp(const Type1 &a, const Type2 &b);

シグネチャはconstを含まなくても構いませんが, 比較関数は渡されたオブジェクトを変更してはなりません.
The types Type1 and Type2 must be such that an object of type InputIt can be dereferenced and then implicitly converted to both of them. ​

型の要件
-
InputItInputIterator

の要求を満足しなければなりません。

[編集] 値を返します

true[first2, last2)からすべての要素が[first, last)のメンバーであるかどうか.
Original:
true if every element from [first2, last2) is a member of [first, last).
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[編集] 複雑

最も2·(N1+N2-1)の比較で、どこN1= std::distance(first1, last1)N2= std::distance(first2, last2).
Original:
At most 2·(N1+N2-1) comparisons, where N1 = std::distance(first1, last1) and N2 = std::distance(first2, last2).
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[編集] 可能な実装

First version
template<class InputIt1, class InputIt2>
bool includes(InputIt1 first1, InputIt1 last1,
              InputIt2 first2, InputIt2 last2)
{
    for (; first2 != last2; ++first1)
    {
        if (first1 == last1 || *first2 < *first1)
            return false;
        if ( !(*first1 < *first2) )
            ++first2;
    }
    return true;
}
Second version
template<class InputIt1, class InputIt2>
bool includes(InputIt1 first1, InputIt1 last1,
              InputIt2 first2, InputIt2 last2, Compare comp)
{
    for (; first2 != last2; ++first1)
    {
        if (first1 == last1 || comp(*first2, *first1))
            return false;
        if (!comp(*first1, *first2))
            ++first2;
    }
    return true;
}

[編集]

#include <iostream>
#include <algorithm>
#include <cctype>
 
int main()
{
  std::vector<char> v1 {'a', 'b', 'c', 'f', 'h', 'x'};
  std::vector<char> v2 {'a', 'b', 'c'};
  std::vector<char> v3 {'a', 'c'};
  std::vector<char> v4 {'g'};
  std::vector<char> v5 {'a', 'c', 'g'};
  std::vector<char> v6;
 
  for (auto i : v1) std::cout << i << ' ';
  std::cout << "includes:\n";
 
  for (auto i : v2) std::cout << i << ' ';
  std::cout << ": " << std::includes(v1.begin(), v1.end(), v2.begin(), v2.end()) << '\n';
  for (auto i : v3) std::cout << i << ' ';
  std::cout << ": " << std::includes(v1.begin(), v1.end(), v3.begin(), v3.end()) << '\n';
  for (auto i : v4) std::cout << i << ' ';
  std::cout << ": " << std::includes(v1.begin(), v1.end(), v4.begin(), v4.end()) << '\n';
  for (auto i : v5) std::cout << i << ' ';
  std::cout << ": " << std::includes(v1.begin(), v1.end(), v5.begin(), v5.end()) << '\n';
  for (auto i : v6) std::cout << i << ' ';
  std::cout << ": " << std::includes(v1.begin(), v1.end(), v6.begin(), v6.end()) << '\n';
 
  auto cmp_nocase = [](char a, char b) {
    return std::tolower(a) < std::tolower(b);
  }
  std::vector<char> v7 {'A', 'B', 'C'};
  for (auto i : v7) std::cout << i << ' ';
  std::cout << ": "
            << std::includes(v1.begin(), v1.end(), v7.begin(), v7.end(), cmp_nocase)
            << '\n';
}

出力:

a b c f h x includes:
a b c : 1
a c : 1
g : 0
a c g : 0
A B C : 1

[編集] も参照してください

2つの集合の差分を計算します
(関数テンプレート) [edit]
ある範囲の要素を検索します
(関数テンプレート) [edit]