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std::accumulate

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< cpp‎ | algorithm

 
 
アルゴリズムライブラリ
機能します
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Functions
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シーケンス動作を非改変
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Non-modifying sequence operations
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シーケンス動作を変更する
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Modifying sequence operations
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操作を仕切る
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Partitioning operations
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(ソートされた範囲で)ソート操作
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Sorting operations (on sorted ranges)
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バイナリ検索操作(ソート範囲で)
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Binary search operations (on sorted ranges)
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(ソートされた範囲で)操作を設定します
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Set operations (on sorted ranges)
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ヒープ操作
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Heap operations
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最小値/最大値操作
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Minimum/maximum operations
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数値演算
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Numeric operations
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iota(C++11)
accumulate
inner_product
Cライブラリ
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C library
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Defined in header <numeric>
template< class InputIt, class T >
T accumulate( InputIt first, InputIt last, T init );
(1)
template< class InputIt, class T, class BinaryOperation >

T accumulate( InputIt first, InputIt last, T init,

              BinaryOperation op );
(2)

Computes the sum of the given value init and the elements in the range [first, last). The first version uses operator+ to sum up the elements, the second version uses the given binary function op.

目次

[編集] パラメータ

first, last -
和への要素の範囲
Original:
the range of elements to sum
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init - initial value of the sum
op - binary operation function object that will be applied.

The signature of the function should be equivalent to the following:

 Ret fun(const Type1 &a, const Type2 &b);

The signature does not need to have const &.
The type  Type1 must be such that an object of type T can be implicitly converted to  Type1. The type  Type2 must be such that an object of type InputIt can be dereferenced and then implicitly converted to  Type2. The type  Ret must be such that an object of type T can be assigned a value of type  Ret. ​

Type requirements
-
InputIt must meet the requirements of InputIterator.
-
T must meet the requirements of CopyAssignable and CopyConstructible.

[編集] 値を返します

The sum of the given value and elements in the given range.

[編集] 可能な実装

First version
template<class InputIt, class T>
T accumulate(InputIt first, InputIt last, T value)
{
    for (; first != last; ++first) {
        value = value + *first;
    }
    return value;
}
Second version
template<class InputIt, class T, class BinaryOperation>
T accumulate(InputIt first, InputIt last, T value, 
             BinaryOperation op)
{
    for (; first != last; ++first) {
        value = op(value, *first);
    }
    return value;
}

[編集]

#include <iostream>
#include <vector>
#include <numeric>
#include <string>
 
int multiply(int x, int y)
{
    return x*y;
}
 
std::string magic_function(std::string res, int x)
{
    return res += (x > 5) ? "b" : "s";
}
 
int main()
{
    std::vector<int> v{1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10};
 
    int sum = std::accumulate(v.begin(), v.end(), 0);
    int product = std::accumulate(v.begin(), v.end(), 1, multiply);
    std::string magic = std::accumulate(v.begin(), v.end(), std::string(), 
                                        magic_function);
 
    std::cout << sum << '\n'
              << product << '\n'
              << magic << '\n';
}

Output:

55
3628800
sssssbbbbb

[編集] も参照してください

範囲内の隣接する要素間の差を計算します
Original:
computes the differences between adjacent elements in a range
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(関数テンプレート) [edit]
要素の2つの範囲の内積を計算します
Original:
computes the inner product of two ranges of elements
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(関数テンプレート) [edit]
要素の範囲の部分和を計算します
Original:
computes the partial sum of a range of elements
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(関数テンプレート) [edit]